Hadrian Temple

Located after the Trajan Fountain and running perpendicular to Curettes Way past the Baths of Scholastikia is another street, paved in some places with marble slabs. The portion leading above the theater has been excavated.

The second sacred building dedicated to a ruling emperor was the Temple of Hadrian , one of the main attractions at Ephesus, marketed in tourist bro -chures almost as much as the Celsus Library. The Corinthian temple consists of a main chamber and a monumental porch; an inscription on the architrave of the porch facade indicates that the temple was dedicated to the emperor by somebody named P. Quintilius. Ornamenting the semicircular arch that rests on the two inner columns of the porch facade is a bust of the goddess Tych, protectress of the city. In the entablature over the main portal is a carving of a woman; some interpretations identify the figure as Medusa, symbolically keeping the evil spirits away.

The temple was partially destroyed in a.d. 400, and it was during the course of restorations that the four decorative reliefs were added to the lintels of the interior of the porch. (The ones in place today are plaster casts of originals now on exhibit in the Ephesus Museum.) The first three panels from the left depict the mythological foun -dation of Ephesus, and show representations of Androklos chasing a boar, gods with Amazons, and Amazons in a procession. The fourth panel is unrelated and shows Athena, Apollo, Androklos, Heracles, Emperor Theodosius, Artemis Ephesia, and several other historical and mythological figures. The bases in front of the porch facade are inscribed with the names of Galerius, Maximianus, Diocletianus, and Constantius Chlorus, indicating that at one time, the bases supported statues of these emperors.
Behind the Temple of Hadrian via a stone staircase are the remains of the Baths of Scholastikia , constructed at the end of the 1st century and named after a rich Ephesian woman who enlarged them in the 4th. There were two entrances to the baths leading into a large main hall with niches; in one of these niches is the restored statue of Scholastikia , in its original position. During the 4th-century renovations, the original mosaic floor was covered over with marble slabs; some of
these can be seen beneath the level of the current floor.